42 BizVoice/Indiana Chamber – January/February 2018 WHEELS of SUCCESS By Symone C. Skrzycki Tracing the Path of Auto Pioneers Indiana’s automotive landscape was ignited by innovation at the turn of the 20th century. Some of the most legendary manufacturers called the state home. In 1919, Indiana housed 172 businesses that produced cars or automotive parts in 30-plus cities and towns. We highlight a few of the manufacturers that made unforgettable contributions to the auto industry. Marmon Company (Indianapolis) Manufactures its first motor car (1902). The Marmon is branded “A Mechanical Masterpiece” Ray Harroun wins the inaugural Indianapolis 500 (May 30, 1911) driving the Marmon Wasp. His average speed is 74.6 miles per hour. The vehicle features a revolutionary innovation: the rear-view mirror Launches the Model 34 (1916). Made primarily of aluminum, it evolves into the fastest production car made in the United States Produces 110,000-plus cars between 1903 and 1933 Stutz Motor Car Company of America (Indianapolis) Production time for first car: five weeks (in preparation for the inaugural Indianapolis 500) Stutz Bearcat speedster debuts in 1912. It features a low-slung chassis, large engine, two bucket seats, wooden spoke wheels and more. Approximate price: $2,000 Stutz Series AA (1926) engine boasts a 92-horsepower, vertical eight-cylinder engine. Total cars sold: an estimated 3,692 to 5,000 Operations cease: 1937 Manufacturing: Yesterday Marmon (then known as Nordyke and Marmon) initially gained fame as a leading producer of milling machinery. Pictured is the machine shop, circa 1890 (Indiana Historical Society photo, M0592) . Spectators marvel at the second Indianapolis 500 mile race in 1912. A Stutz two-seat roadster served as the pace car (Bretzman Collection photo, Indiana Historical Society) .